What is Sickle Cell Disease?

  • Sickle Cell Disease is a group of related blood disorders that affect red blood cells in the body
  • Normally, red blood cells are soft, round and smooth. Their round shape allows them to carry a sufficient amount of oxygen and move easily throughout the body
  • With Sickle Cell Disease, red blood cells can become hard, sticky and shaped like crescents (or sickles)
  • This sickle shape can cause difficulty with blood circulation and also reduces the amount of oxygen that the red blood cells can carry to the rest of the body
  • Sickle Cell Disease is a serious condition that can cause a range of symptoms such as anemia, pain episodes, infection, organ damage and strokes
  • There is currently no universal cure for Sickle Cell Disease

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